What Causes Knee Pain?

By shujel

January 16, 2014 Causes Injuries No comments

Knee pain is a common ailment that usually comprises almost a third of all out-patient cases involving muscle and joint pains. Additionally, it is also an injury that is very common among sports enthusiasts.

So what causes knee pain? If we are to look for the most common causes, we can find that is usually triggered by tearing of the ligaments, tearing of the cartilage or meniscus, and a runner’s knee for the athletes. However, there is more to what causes knee pain than these mentioned reasons.

To enumerate what causes knee pain further, listed below are the other major reasons:

  1. Osteochondritis Dissecans or Bone Chips

–         Bone chips in the knee are loose fragments (commonly small) of bones or ligaments that float or stick around in the knee joint. It is also sometimes referred to as chondral fracture. If you have this certain condition, you can feel severe pain and swelling around the joint.


Our joints, just like our knees, are protected by a fluid sac called bursa. This bursa acts as a cushion in between thus lubricating the joints. What causes knee pain in this particular part is when it becomes inflamed. The inflammation of bursa is called bursitis. This medical condition can be attributed to overuse, physical knee injury, or infection from gout or arthritis

Medial Plica Syndrome

The medial plica is a tissue fold that can be found in the knees. The irritation of this fold, which is often due to over exertion, is what causes knee pain in patients.


Osteoarthritis is a condition that is commonly associated with old age although obesity and injuries can also be factors. What causes knee pains under this condition is mainly the wearing and tearing of the cartilage around the cap making the bones to rub raw together.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome

The iliotibial band is a thick band of tough tissue that extends from the hipbone to the shin.  When irritated or inflamed, it results to knee injuries and pain. It is most commonly detected with athletes. Although very easy to diagnose, it is considered to be difficult to manage.


A tendon is cord-like band that attaches the muscles to our bones. Tendonitis is simply the inflammation of these very tendons. It is often brought about by minor repetitive impact to the concerned area or the onset of a critical injury.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

It is a condition characterized by knee pain, swelling and tenderness just below the kneecap. It usually affects adolescents and is often caused by over use of the joints and irritation of the tendon below the cap.

Patellar Subluxation

What causes knee pains in this particular condition is the partial dislocation of the kneecap. The cap slides out of position which triggers the swelling and the pain. It is most common among adolescent girls and is most commonly caused by physical incapacity rather than trauma.

Improperly  treated Knee Injuries

There are times when an old knee injury didn’t get to heal properly. When this happens, occasional or even chronic pain in the knees can occur.

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